• Characteristics of Patterns and Prints
  • Different types of patterns
  • Different types of  prints
  • How to wear patterns and prints


The density of the pattern means the amount of coverage versus negative space. It ranges between low to high depending on the negative space between the elements.

Low Density Pattern


Medium Density Pattern


High Density Pattern



The scale of the pattern defines the size of the pattern. The smaller the pattern, the easier it is to wear. Generally larger patterns are recommended for taller individuals, or they can be placed the areas that you might need volume.

Small Scale Pattern


Medium Scale Pattern


Large Scale Pattern



The contrast is a result of combining dark and light colours or colours that are far away on the colour wheel. The greater the difference between the colours, the high is the value of contrast in that pattern. Low contrast patterns and prints are easier to wear and mix rather than high contrast ones. A strong contrast makes the area appear larger. If you naturally have high contrast in your features, than you can use higher contrast patterns and prints.

Low Contrast Pattern


Medium Contrast Pattern


High Contrast Pattern



The order/layout of the pattern determines if the pattern is orderly arranged/structured or loosely/randomly across the garment.

Ordered Layout Pattern


Semi-Ordered Layout Pattern


Random Layout Pattern



Saturation defines the intensity or purity of the colors used in that particular pattern. The scale is between muted/soft and bright/clear.

Bright Contrast Pattern


Medium Contrast Pattern


Muted Pattern



All-over patterns have no negative space; the entire garment is covered with patterns such as plaids, stripes,dots and checks.


All Over Pattern



Often the terms PATTERN and PRINT are used incorrectly but they are not the same. Printed patterns are actually very different from woven patterns.
A PATTERN is any repeated design, such as a floral, geometric, medallion, etc. It can be woven into a fabric or printed on top.
A PRINT is a pattern, however it is not woven into the fabric but applied to the top with dye by various methods such as digital printing or screen printing.
Try flipping the fabric over to the backside, if you can no longer see the pattern, it is probably a print. When in doubt, refer to fabrics with a design as a pattern, because ALL prints are patterns, but not all patterns are prints!.



Hairline Stripe Pattern


Very thin stripes close to each other, the name refers to the width of the hair.

Pencil Stripe Pattern


Thin stripes as wide as drawn by a pencil.

Pin Stripe Pattern


Thin stripes spaced wide apart, the space between stripes are always much wider than the stripes

Candy Stripe Pattern


Medium scale stripes which are about 1/8 inches from each other, similar to the candy stick stripes

Bengal Stripe Pattern


Same width stripes arranged in alternating light and dark colors. They are smaller than awning stripes but wider than candy stripes.

Awning Stripe Pattern


Very wide vertical stripes of solid color on a lighter background. It resembles to pattern of awning fabrics.

Barcode Stripe Pattern


Vertical lines of varying width which resembles the barcode.

Bayadere Stripe Pattern


Colorful horizontal stripes of varying width.The name is derived from the dancers of India.

Chevron Pattern


Stripes laid out in a zigzag layout.They can have either a broadening or a narrowing effect on the figure depending on the way it is positioned.

Regimental Stripe Pattern


Diagonally placed stripes that have colors associated with the regiment’s uniforms and flags. It is mostly seen in neckwear.

Roman Stripe Pattern


Bright, multicolored contrasting vertical stripes.

Chalk Stripe Pattern


Similar but wider than the pin stripes, it is a fainter line with some discontinuity at regular intervals, like it was drawn by a tailor's chalk.

Shadow Stripe Pattern


Stripes have lines adjacent to them looking almost like shadows.

Breton Stripe Pattern


Horizontally placed Bengal stripes with light and dark colour combination.


Argyle Pattern


Diagonally arranged diamond or lozenges shapes consist of two to three different colours. Mostly used on knitted fabrics.

Buffalo Check Pattern


Big squares formed by the intersection of two different colored yarns, usually red and black.

Checkerboard Pattern


Equal sized checks of two different colours as you see on the checkerboard game-board.

Dog’s tooth, Hound’s tooth Pattern

Dog’s tooth/ Hound’s tooth

Formed by broken or uneven checks or abstract four pointed shapes that resemble a dog’s tooth.

Dupplin Check Pattern


Formed by a combination of simple checks, usually dog’s tooth and windowpane checks.

Gingham Check Pattern


Regular bright colored checks made by overlapping stripes of the color of the same width combined with white thread.

Glen, Prince of wales Pattern

Glen/Prince of wales

Combination of large and small checks creating a pattern of irregular checks.

Graph Check Pattern


Evenly shaped checks formed by thin bands of a single colour on a white background looking just like a graph paper.

Madras Check Pattern


Uneven checks formed by bands of vibrant colours with varying thickness crossing each other.

Pin Check Pattern


One or two yarns thick pin-sized stripes crossing each other to form small checks which look like dots from a distance.

Plaid Check Pattern


Colourful stripes with different width crisscrossing each other to form symmetrically placed checks. The pattern of the vertical stripe does not necessarily have to match the pattern of the horizontal stripe.

Tartan Check Pattern


Similar with Plaid. The pattern of the stripes running vertically is duplicated EXACTLY on the horizontal axis. Where the different colors overlap, new colors are created.

Shepherd Check Pattern


Similar to gingham checks, small, even sized checks of two colours which are usually black and white.

Tattersall Check Pattern


Regularly spaced, small checks made on white background by thin, evenly coloured bands.

Gun Club Check Pattern

Gun Club

Alternating bands in two or more colors intersect on a light background creating checks.

Windowpane Check Pattern


Thin, light coloured bands forming checks on a contrasting solid colored background which resemble window panes.

Harlequin Pattern


Repeating pattern of contracting diamonds.There is a tiny dot where the diamonds meet.

Mini Check Pattern


Small even sized checks on a solid colour sized between the Pin check and the Gingham check.


Animal Prints

Leopard Pattern


Horse shoe shapes with thick edged circles on light background.

Zebra Pattern


Irregular, long, wavy black stripes with different thickness on white background.

Giraffe Pattern


Rectangular uneven shapes on light background.

Cheetah Pattern


Thick solid black spots on lighter background.

Peacock Pattern


Consist of colourful peacock feathers.

Cow Pattern


Irregular black rectangles on white background.

Tiger Pattern


Long, wavy, irregular stripes on lighter background.

Snake Pattern


Pattern that resembles the skin of the snake. Commonly used on accessories.

Jaguar Pattern


Rosette spots with thick edged circles with black dots in the middle on light background.

Crocodile Pattern


Irregular small squares aligned in a graph mode.

Hyena Pattern


Irregular roundish shapes on tan background.

Tortoise Shell Pattern

Tortoise Shell

Dark brown spots on yellow background. Commonly used for accessories especially sun glasses.

Floral Prints

Acanthus Floral Pattern


Resemble leaves from the Mediterranean species. Most common plant forms to make foliage ornament and decoration.

Liberty Floral Pattern


All over, stylish, small flower design named by a retail store in London called Liberty & Co.

Anthemion Floral Pattern


Based on a stylized honeysuckle plant of fan shaped palm leaf design originated from Ancient Greece.

Mandala Floral Pattern


Originated from Central Asia, consists different size and colour motifs that resembles flowers.

Art Nouveau Floral Pattern

Art Nouveau

Emerged from 19th century, has rhythmic curves and harmonic repetitions.

Paisley Floral Pattern


Curved teardrop shape originated from Kashmir and named after a town in Scotland.

Abstract Floral Pattern


Combination of lines, shapes and colours that represents a floral scene.

Quatrefoil Floral Pattern


Symmetrical shape created by overlapping four circles resembles a clover leaf.

Botanical Floral Pattern


Plants, leaves and flowers drawn in a realistic way based on botanical illustrations.

Retro Floral Pattern


Flowers drawn with muted tones and saturated colours in geometric style.

Calico Floral Pattern


Small scale, dense, all over flower shapes in bright colours, originated from India.

Toule de Jouy Floral Pattern

Toule de Jouy

Scenic, pastoral, or floral theme of French countryside, mostly one colour prints on a white back ground.

Damask Floral Pattern


An ornamental design with one or two colours with a repetitive pattern of abstract flowers.

Vintage Floral Pattern


Decorative, detailed, mostly oil painted, loosely arranged flowers in feminine colours

Ditsy Floral Pattern


High density pattern with very small scaled flowers.

Western Floral Pattern


Mostly seen on men's attire or carved in leather or metal.

Fleur de Lis Floral Pattern

Fleur de Lis

Stylish lily flower in abstract and repetitive way, originated from France.

Wreath Floral Pattern


Ring shaped intertwined garlands of flowers or leaves.

Chinoiserie Floral Pattern


Similar to toile, this features Asian-inspired motifs of people and environment.

Jacobean Floral Pattern


17th centruy British desing with branches ornamented in color with fruits, flowers, and/or birds, commonly used for upholstery or window treatments.

Trefoil Floral Pattern


Consist of stylized three petal flowers or leaves with three leaflets.

Suzani Floral Pattern


A traditional Middle Eastern pattern, large-scale design with sun and moon disk (medallion), floral, and vine motifs, popular for bedding and window treatments.

Arabesque Floral Pattern


Elaborate ornamental design of intertwined floral or geometric motifs that originated from Islamic art.

Baroque Floral Pattern


Emerging in the 17th century, stylish floral design in high contrast arrangement.

Other Patterns&Prints

Polka Dots Pattern

Polka Dots

Consists of equally spaced dots all over the fabric surface in a consistent design.

Pin Dots Pattern

Pin Dots

Very small dots approximately size of a pin head.

Ogee Pattern


An arc that formed at the connection of two mirror image, elongated S shapes that resembles an onion as well, often used in bedding and rugs.

Ikat Pattern


Ikat refers to a dyeing and weaving method rather than the pattern itself.This method gives ikat fabrics their signature blurred edges.

Greek Key Pattern

Greek Key

An interlocking rectangular pattern constructed from one continuous line, based in ancient Greek history.

Southwestern Pattern


Features bold desert-like colors and repeating geometric shapes or stripes, originated from Southwest America.

Flamestitch Pattern


A bold, colorful zigzag pattern involves four threads in four different colors.

Abstract Pattern


Modern pattern consist of lines, shapes and colors that represent ideas than any physical object.

Tribal Pattern


Natural motif with vibrant patterns and vivid colors that represents African tribal culture.

Basketwave Pattern


Pattern resembles the surface of a woven basket.

Water-colour Pattern


Pattern looks like a water colour painting technique with those light transparent brush strokes and a gradation effect.

Bird's eye Pattern

Bird's eye

Formed by a special fabric weave, with 4 small diamond shapes with a dot or space in the center prints looking like the eye of a bird.

Lane's Net Pattern

Lane's Net

Diamonds that are filled with thin lines radiating from the opposing ends and rotated by 45 and 90 degrees.

Trellis Pattern


Supporting structure of interwoven pieces of wood or metal, adorned with climbing vines and flowers

Celtic Knot Pattern

Celtic Knot

Knots formed by interfaced ribbons lead seamlessly into one another.

Zellige Pattern


Geometric mosaic tile-work created from sets of characteristic shapes.

Camouflage Pattern


Specially designed pattern that blends in with the surrounding, mostly used by military personnel.

Bull's eye Pattern

Bull's eye

Consists of concentric circles or oval shapes.

Geometric, Network Pattern


Repetitive patterns with geometric shapes.

Bohemian Pattern


Use of right brilliant colours reminiscent of the hippie movement of the 1960s.

Vintage Pattern


Historical decorative patterns.

Scroll Pattern


Consist of lots of spiral shapes and curves that resembles rolled scroll of paper.

Scales Pattern


Repeating pattern with motifs resembling clam shells.

Lattice Pattern


Interconnected in a crisscross pattern with square or diamond-shapes or holes in the junctions.


There are different ways to use patterns and prints in your combinations. If you are not a big fan of using them, you can add some accessories with patterns to start with, or you can choose one low density, small scale classic pattern for your top. You can always combine printed garment with plain, neutral colour fabrics. If you'd like to wear more than one printed item in your combination, than there are some basic rules in order to mix and match different patterns and prints.

Fabric Patterns and Prints

Simple Start..

Fabric Patterns and Prints


Fabric Patterns and Prints


Fabric Patterns and Prints


Pattern mixing seems like that scary realm that only fashion bloggers, celebrities, and models can enter. But wearing only solid colours is easy, the hard but the fun part is throwing more colours to your outfit by using and mixing patterns. To give you a better idea of where to start, check out these pattern mixing combinations guidelines:

Match the colours first
If the colors look good together, more often the prints will look good together too.

Peacock Animal PrintPeacock Animal Print

Dominant Colour

You can choose two different prints that share at least one dominant colour.

Neutral Fabric Print

Two Neutrals

Pair two neutral colour prints. That combination style is a good alternative if you prefer calmer look.

Polka Dots PatternPolka Dots Pattern


If you want to use the same pattern, you can invert the colours.

Trefoil Floral PatternNeutral Floral Print

Bright and Neutral

Pair bright prints with neutral colour prints.

Pelican Fabric PrintPelican Fabric Print

Opposite Colours 

Pair same print with different colour. For bold combination, choose the ones that contrast each other.

Navy Floral Fabric PrintPink Neutral Fabric Pattern

Dominant and Accent

Choose one print to dominate and one as an accent.

Mix same prints; different scales

High Density Botanical PrintMedium Density Botanical Print

Different Density

Use two different density types of the same pattern.

Large Scale Fabric PrintMedium Scale Fabric Print

Different Scale

Use the same pattern with different scales, like large on the top small on the bottom.

Simpler graphic prints are easier to mix

Medium Density Floral PrintTartan Check Pattern


Easy way to pair plaids is to combine opposites. A large, simple plaid looks perfect when paired with a smaller, busier, more colorful plaid. Or you can pair it with other patterns as you like.

Leopard Animal PrintBlack and White Stripes


Stripes, especially black and white stripes, go with everything. They're so simple, they're pretty much the neutral of prints.

Black and White Geometric PrintDog’s tooth, Hound’s tooth Pattern

Go Graphics

Graphic prints go great with each other and with more complex or organic prints like floral or animal prints.

Large Polka Dots PrintPin Polka Dots Print

Polka Dots

Mixing a polka dot print with another contrasting one with larger or smaller dots  is very popular in pattern mixing. Try a larger polka dot on top and pair with a small polka dot print skirt on the bottom.

Distribute them nicely

* Try distributing your prints more evenly by doing one on the top and one on the bottom, that way your outfit would be less busy
* Spread your prints out across your outfit
* Break up the look with solids. If print-on-print-on-print is too much for you, you can layer in some solid-colored clothes and accessories like belts to calm things down and ground your look

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