How do colours affect your look?
Colours bring your natural appearance to life and enhance your skin, eyes and hair. Right colours do not take over your look, they connect you and create harmony with your face.
Some colours make you look tired and washed out while other colours make your skin looks healthy and glowing, your jaw line looks narrower and lifted up, your eyes look bright and sparkling, your hair look shiny and intense.
Right colours also reduce imperfections such as dark circles and lines under your eyes and bring more bright and awake appearance, you may not need a lot of make-up.
There are some colours and neutrals called as “universal colours” . These colours have medium undertone, value and intensity, so they may be appropriate for more people. The thing with universal colours that they don’t look terrible on anyone, but they may not be your most flattering colours either! So if you’re looking for a colour that won’t be bad on anyone, for a uniform, or bridesmaid dress or the like, then you can choose universal colours.
Universal colours are : charcoal brown/taupe, navy, watermelon red, jade green, turquoise, teal, cobalt blue, deep periwinkle, medium purple, stone gray and soft white.
In this page you will find everything about colours:
- Colour Theory (components, combinations, seasons etc.)
- Primary (4 Season) Seasonal Colour Analysis
- Flow (12 season) Seasonal Colour analysis
Before we begin to our in-dept colour analysis, we need to know the components of colour theory. The color wheel was invented in 1666 by Isaac Newton, who mapped the color spectrum onto a circle. The color wheel is the basis of color theory, because it shows the relationship between colors.
Primary colors are colors that can’t be mixed from other colors. There are three primary colors: red, yellow, and blue.
Secondary colors are colors that result from mixing two primary colors. There are three secondary colors: purple (red mixed with blue), orange (red mixed with yellow), and green (yellow mixed with blue).
Tertiary colors are colors made by combining a secondary color with a primary color. There are six tertiary colors : red-orange, yellow-orange, yellow-green, blue-green, blue-violet, and red-violet.
Hue, Shade, Tint and Tone
A hue is basically any color on the color wheel, the pure form of the colour.
A shade is created by adding black to a base hue, darkening the color. This creates a deeper, richer color.
A tint is created by adding white to a base hue, lightening the color. This can make a color lighter and less intense.
A tone is created by combining grey with a base hue. Like tints, tones are subtler versions of the original color. It defines the colour for being bright/clear or muted/soft/smoky.
Two colors that are on opposite sides of the color wheel. Provides a high contrast , therefore these colors will appear brighter and more prominent.
Three shades, tones and tints of one base color. Provides a subtle and conservative color combination and creates a harmonious look.
Three colors that are side by side on the color wheel. Better to use one dominant color and use the others as accent colors in order to balance the look.
Three colors that are evenly spaced on the color wheel. This provides a high contrast color scheme and creates bold, vibrant look.
Four colors that are evenly spaced on the color wheel. Better to use one dominant color and use the others as accent colors in order to balance the look, it has a bold and vibrant appearance.
Colour Analysis Components
1. Colour Temperature/Undertone
The color wheel can also be divided into warm and cool colors. The warmth or coolness of a color is also known as its color temperature. Warm colors are the colors from red through to yellow. Cool colors are the colors from blue to green and purple. For general ruler, YELLOW is the WARMEST colour while BLUE is the COLDEST.
This does not mean that every blue is cool or every yellow is warm. Every colour has different undertones can be cool or warm.
It is the amount of brightness or light in a color. The scale is between light and dark/deep.
It is the intensity or purity of the color. The scale is between muted/soft and bright/clear.
Seasional Color Analysis is the most widely used colour analysis. Seasonal colors are hues that mirror the shades seen in the four seasons of nature.
SPRING COLOUS are bright, warm and tinted (white added to the pure colour form),
SUMMER COLOURS are soft, muted and toned (grey added to the pure colour forms) ;
AUTUMN COLOURS are golden and earthy, has shades and tones (black and grey added to pure colour forms)
WINTER COLOURS are cool and icy, has shades and tints (white and black added to pure colour forms).
Primary (4 Season) Seasonal Colour Analysis
Seasonal Color Analysis consist four, twelve or sixteen categories depending on which theory is used. Each category has its own matching colour palette. Primary Seasonal Colour Analysis represents 4 seasons while Flow Seasonal Colour Analysis represents twelve or sixteen colour categories.
Primary Seasonal Colour Analysis represents 4 colour categories which are named after seasons:
Winter, Spring, Summer and Autumn.
This analysis focus on two dimensions:
1.Temperature /Undertone : WARM-yellow based or COOL-blue based
2.Value/Contrast : DARK/DEEP or LIGHT
These colour dimensions are used to represent two basic variables:
Undertone of your skin, hair and eyes (WARM/golden or COOL/ashy/blueish)
Your overall natural colouring (DARK or LIGHT)
Warm Skin Tones : yellow, golden, earthy or peachy undertones (may have green veins)
Warm Eye Colours : Brown, hazel, olive green, blue with yellowish rim around the pupil
Warm Natural Hair Colours : Brown (Light to dark golden tones), Blonde (golden or strawberry); red (ginger, copper, auburn)
Cool Skin Tones : blueish, gray or pink undertones (may have blue veins)
Cool Eye Colours : Blue, grey, hazel, light brown
Cool Natural Hair Colours : Brown (light to dark ashy tones), Blonde (ash, sand), Black, Silver, Gray
Neutral undertones are balanced between yellow and blue and are the most versatile. If you have a neutral undertone, this means that your undertones are roughly the same color as your actual skin tone. There are three categories for Neutral: Full Neutral, Neutral-Warm and Neutral Cool.
HOW TO FIND YOUR SKIN UNDERTONE
To understand your skin temperature, you can hold a white paper next to your face:
if your skin appears pinkish or blueish than you are COOL,
if it appears yellowish or peachy than you are WARM.
There is also “SILVER AGAINST GOLD” test while gold metal fits Warm skin complexion and silver fits Cool.
There are four possible results according to this method:
If you have cool skin tone, you would be either Winter or Summer:
If your natural hair has darker tones, you would fall into WINTER colour palette,
If your hair has lighter tones, than you would have SUMMER colour palette.
If you have warm skin tone, you would be either Spring or Autumn.
If your natural hair has darker tones, you would fall into AUTUMN colour palette.
If your hair has lighter tones, than you would have SPRING colour palette.
Medium to deep hair colours, natural grey and white hair colours; deep value eyes,; blue based, bright, light to dark, reflective, cool skin tones,; high contrast between skin, eye and hair colours, bright and clear qualities; cool, sophisticated, dramatic, striking and brilliant appearance.
Medium to light ashy brown and blonde hair colours; light, soft, matte, cool skin tones; light colour eyes, smoky qualities; soft, elegant, smoky, harmonious and refined appearance.
Medium to deep value hair colour, golden browns, reds; light to dark, opaque, matte, warm skin tones,; golden qualities; approachable, earthy, woodsy, rich, authoritative and strong appearance.
Peachy, shiny, light, bright, translucent and reflective warm skin tones; mostly golden or strawberry blonde hair colours; bright qualities; fresh, glowing, youthful, fun, radiant, lively, cheerful and inviting appearance.
What does your
tell us about your Seasonal Colours?
There is another method used to determine your seasonal colours which is called "Eye Pattern Analysis". We all agree that every eye is unique, there are only common characteristics tied to the eyes that help us guide through our colour analysis. Also, you can not dispute eye patterns while hair and skin colours might look different according to your age, make up, light or health etc..
SPRING EYE PATTERNS
* Bright, clear and warm colours, most common colours are light brown,green and hazel.
* High contrast between colour and the whites of the eyes.
* There is a starburst/sunburst design with a golden ring surrounds the pupil. Starburst would be yellow or white depending on the colour of the eye.
* May have flecks and orange/brown dots called jewels as well.
* Also a circular structure called Halo may exists around the pupil (Halo may occur with freckles, if you have only halo and cool skin undertone than you may check with summer credentials)
If Warm undertone is dominant, your eye pattern may contain both a halo and speckles. If your dominant characteristic is Light, your eye pattern can contain both a halo and cloudiness. If your Bright features are dominant, than your eye pattern can contain both spokes/stream and a halo.
AUTUMN EYE PATTERNS
* Rich, warm, woodsy colours such as brown, green and hazel.
* Soft swirling borders are common around the pupil.
* Shaker pattern with freckles, speckles, dots and petals are commonly seen.
* May also have starburst surrounding the pupil.
* Some autumn eyes have a pure opaque look with dark colour eyes.
If your Deep colouring is dominant, your eye pattern can contain both spokes and speckles. If your colouring is on the Muted side, your eye pattern can contain both cloudiness and speckles. If your Warm undertone is dominant, your eye pattern may contain both a halo and speckles.
WINTER EYE PATTERNS
* Cool, deep, icy colours with blue undertones such as gray, blue and brown.
* Lines in the eye running from the pupil (spokes) through outside of the eye or a wheel rim/rims circling in iris.
* Organized white webbing look (stream) is also commonly seen.
* May have dark spots or strong petals.
* High contrast between the iris and the whites of the eyes.
If your Cool undertones are dominant, your eye pattern can contain both spokes and cloudiness. If your Deep colouring is dominant, your eye pattern can contain both spokes and speckles. If your dominant characteristic is Bright, than your eye pattern can contain both spokes and a halo.
SUMMER EYE PATTERNS
* Cool, soft, muted, grayish colours with blue undertones.
* Cloudy, smoky look or texture of crackled glass pattern in iris is very common.
* There is a soft separation between the iris and the whites of the eye.
* The flowering structure with soft petals, crypts or unorganized white webbing pattern are common as well.
Light season person's eye pattern can contain both a halo and cloudiness. If your colouring is on the Muted side, your eye pattern can contain both cloudiness and speckles. If your Cool undertones are dominant, your eye pattern can contain both spokes and cloudiness.
If your eye pattern has both cool and warm pattern elements, than you may have Neutral undertone with your features.
There are three categories for Neutral: Full Neutral, Neutral-Warm and Neutral Cool.